The Philippine National Police (PNP) is the main law enforcement agency in the Philippines. It was established under Republic Act No. 6975 and is authorized by article 24 to use force to make arrests, investigate and prevent crimes. There are four types of direct police oversight mechanisms. There is a national human rights organization (the Human Rights Commission of the Philippines), an anti-corruption agency in the form of the Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission, a national ombudsman program and a specialized organization specializing in complaints against the police, the People`s Law Enforcement Board (PLEB). The PLEB, established by Royal Law No. 6975, is responsible for hearing citizens` complaints against the police. There must be one PLEB covering each municipality and/or district of a city, and at least one PLEB for every 500 municipal/municipal enforcement staff. In the Philippines, law enforcement is overseen by the National Police Commission, an agency affiliated with the Department of the Interior and Local Government. The Commission was mandated by the 1987 Constitution, which was introduced by Republic Act No. 4864 and reorganized by Republic Act No. 6975. Its powers were extended by Republic Act No.
8551 to include investigating police anomalies and irregularities prior to the indictment and summary dismissal of misguided police officers The Presidential Commission on Good Governance is to be tasked with helping the president recover ill-gotten gains amassed by former President Ferdinand E. Marcos, his immediate family, relatives, subordinates and close associates, whether located in the Philippines or abroad, including the acquisition of control or seizure of all companies and entities they own or control, in the course of its administration, directly or through candidates, by unjustifiably exploiting their public function and/or powers, uses authority, influence, connection or relationship; the investigation of such cases of bribery and corruption, which the Chairperson may entrust to the Commission from time to time; and the adoption of safeguards to ensure that the above-mentioned practices are not repeated in any way under the new Government, and the introduction of appropriate measures to prevent corruption. The PNP also has an important characteristic in accordance with its rank classifications. It adopts a different structure to achieve more effective management, oversight and control than the armed forces. In its 2020 list of problems for the Philippines under the ICCPR, the Human Rights Committee called on the authorities to respond to reports that law enforcement has killed people suspected of drug-related offenses and people who have been „marked in red” as radical political activists; whereas children have been killed and/or witnessed killings in the context of anti-drug operations targeting family members; whereas senior government officials have publicly encouraged the extrajudicial execution of persons suspected of using or selling illicit drugs; and that victims` families face obstacles when filing complaints against perpetrators, including reprisals against them for seeking redress. This group is designed to conduct intelligence reinforcement and law enforcement operations against PNP personnel involved in illegal activities such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, financial crime, cybercrime, embezzlement, corruption and corrupt practices, security breaches and others. It replaced the Counter-Intelligence Task Force (CITF).  At the national level, the PNP is linked to other law enforcement agencies through the National Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee (NALECC).
This body meets regularly to promote cooperation and coordination among all law enforcement agencies in the country. It also supports several law enforcement agencies such as the Philippine Center for Transnational Crimes (PCTC) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency. Republic Act No. 6975 No. 6975 In 6975, the Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990 ushered in a new era for the enforcement of Philippine law, when the law ordered the complete merger of the Philippine Police and the Integrated National Police, formally creating the Philippine National Police.  R.A. 6975 was amended by R.A. 8551, the Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, and R.A. 9708.  R.A. 8551 envisioned the PNP as a community- and service-oriented organization.
This group is responsible for enforcing traffic laws and regulations, promoting safety along motorways, raising road safety awareness through inter-agency cooperation in the fields of road safety engineering, road safety education and traffic policing, and to develop reforms in the area of crime prevention against all forms of lawlessness along the national highway, including the use of motor vehicles. However, this group is rarely observed outside of highly urbanized areas or in provincial areas. PNP agents are equipped with Beretta 92 and Glock pistols. .